Adoption of treat to target approaches for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) requires the definition of a target state validated for improved patient outcomes. The Lupus Low Disease Activity State (LLDAS) has been shown in multiple retrospective and cross-sectional studies to have face, content, construct and criterion validity and be associated with better quality of life. We report on a multinational prospective study undertaken to determine whether LLDAS attainment is associated with protection from flare and damage accrual.
A prospective multinational cohort study was undertaken in 13 centres between 2013–2017. Patients with SLE were recruited, SLEDAI-2k, SELENA flare index, PGA, and medication data collected at every visit, and damage (SLICC-ACR damage index (SDI)) collected annually. Time-dependent Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess the association of …