AbstractAIM:This study aims to investigate the effect of ATP, EGF and combination of those two to the Natrium Iodide Symporter (NIS) expression in MCF7, SKBR3 and HaCaT cell lines.METHODS:MCF7, SKBR3 and HaCaT cell lines were treated with ATP, EGF and combination of those two for 6, 12 and 24 hours. The expression of NIS mRNA was measured through quantitative-reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The NIS protein expression wasconfirmed by immunocytofluorescence.RESULTS:NIS mRNA was expressed in SKBR3 and HaCaT cell lines but not in MCF7. The levels of NIS mRNA expression, after treatment by epidermal growth factor (EGF), adenosine Tri-Phosphate (ATP) or the combination of both for 6 and 12 hours were not significantly different from those of untreated cells. However, the treatment by a combination of ATP and EGF for 24 hours increases the level of NIS mRNA expression by 1.6fold higher than that of the untreated cells (1.6241± 0.3, p<0.05) and protein NIS expression increase significantly by the treatment than untreated cells (P<0.05).CONCLUSION:The level of NIS expression varies among the different subtypes of breast cancer cell lines. MCF7 cell line is representing the luminal A subtype of breast cancer doesnot express NIS. Only SKBR3 cell line express NIS and this subtype might be suitable to receive radioiodine therapy as those cells expressing NIS. A combination treatment of EGF and ATP increases the expression of NIS mRNA and protein at the membrane in SKBR3 cells.