The recently validated Lupus Low Disease Activity State (LLDAS) definition has been shown to have utility as a treat to target endpoint in SLE, whereby LLDAS attainment is associated with reduction in permanent damage accrual. Robust evaluation is required to ensure this protective association is not simply reflective of milder disease phenotypes being over-represented among LLDAS attainers.
To assess the effect of attainment of LLDAS on damage accrual in patients with active disease at baseline. SLEDAI-2K≥6 was chosen as this reflects clinical trial entry criteria.
A prospective multinational cohort study was undertaken in 13 centres between 2013-2017. Patients with SLE were recruited, SLEDAI-2k, SELENA flare index, PGA, and medication data collected at every visit, and damage score (SLICC-ACR damage index (SDI)) collected annually. Subgroup analyses were …